The studies presented in this collection are related to the area of education in a very broad sense. They comprise experiments based on psychological, linguistic, and information science theories and models, which have been applied to both single individuals and samples.
One major research area concerns the effects of self-confrontation on information processing within the individual. The techniques used are CCTV and video-recording. The publications display classical treatments of measurement, highly developed and sophisticated statistical analysis and representation of the experimental outcomes. In a further step, an interactive behaviour simulator has been modelled and applied, where experimental subjects give suggestions for action based on conceived consequences. Both approaches are inquiring into the importance of self-assessment in the individual development of a behaviour strategy.
Another area concerns the way in which behavioural researchers perceive and cognise the research process, especially in the stage of problem formulation and information search. Several publications deal with problems of dissemination and search for scientific information and have resulted in the proposal of an intermediate language structure with the aim of processing highly abstracted information. With the understanding of how to build a machine that in an algorithmic way can respond to cognitive functions, the development of methods and models for computer-based discourse analyses has been experimentally tested.
The orientation towards the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) axiom implies a connection to current trends in the study of complex systems, non-linear dynamics and self-organisation, emphasizing “knowability”. The publications within this area reflect a focus on textual pattern dynamics as outcome of a subtle interplay between intention and orientation, for which the schema approach provides the proper foundation. It has been shown that the [AaO] units are embedding structurally a text producer’s point of observation (intention) as well as his point of view (orientation). The experience is that natural language must be treated as a system that contains its own coordinates. Text develops evolutionary and therefore it reflects the individual’s development and growth.
A number of studies have been concentrated on “text building behaviour” in natural settings. The hypothesis is that individual development is manifested in a writing style, which is conceived as expression of consciousness. Hence, consciousness may as well be studied in historical contexts, of which this collection gives examples. This research has shown that the angular articulation of some word models and their geometric description carry more ecological validity than can be reflected through classical approaches.